Alicante is located in the Valencia Community, to the east of this community bordering the Mediterrenean, Catalonia, Castille La Mancha, and Murcia, Spain.
Alicante's location is a culmination of various stretches of nature coming together, in an area in front of the sea. Alicante is protected by many hills which add to its defence value. This is why it was chosen by the first human settlers to the area. Artifacts have been found from the Bronze Age in and around the area of Serra Grossa, and date back to the second millenium B.C. There are also remains of the Iberian Period, especially to note are the ancient cities of Albufereta and the fortress city of Tossal de Manises, which were occupied from the 4th Century B.C. ti the 3rd Century A.D.
In the 16th Century, the city's population grew due to large developments in commerce, exportation, and a prosperous local agriculture business. Construction of the suburban outer walls: the shipping ports of San Francisco, and the Interior of San Anton. The population of the city doubled from 1510 to 1609. In the 17th and 18th Centuries, this city's port invigorated and transformed the entire city with its trade with the Americas, and created a Land and Sea Consulate for help and organization of navigation and agriculture. In 1797 Alicante boasted 20,000 inhabitants.
The 19th Century was known for the demolition of the city's walls, the creation of new neighborhoods, and the arrival of railroads. But in the 20th Century, with the growth of services, and tourist spot development, the town began to develope into the large city that we know today.
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